The prevalence of unhealthy snacking behaviour and its association with individual and environmental factors among college students in Kuching, Sarawak

Cheah, Yong Xiang (2020) The prevalence of unhealthy snacking behaviour and its association with individual and environmental factors among college students in Kuching, Sarawak. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS).

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Abstract

Introduction: Unhealthy snacking behaviour among young people is a growing public health concern because of its negative consequences on health. The present study was to determine the prevalence of unhealthy snacking behaviour and its determinants among college students in Kuching. Methodology: In this crosssectional study, 12 colleges in Kuching were stratified into private and government colleges. Three private and three government colleges were selected through a stratified random sampling method. A total of 422 respondents (male 49.5%, female 50.5%) were recruited in this study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather data regarding unhealthy snacking behaviour and its determinants (gender, food preferences, type of school and courses, taste-and-sensory perception, nutritional knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and cost/price sensitivity, perceived parental control, easy accessibility, and media advertisements influence) among respondents. The survey was conducted online via e-mail and Whatsapp. Multiple binary logistic regression analysis was used to analyse the data. Result: Nearly a quarter of the respondents (24.6%) practised unhealthy snacking behaviour. More than half of the respondents (58.3%) consumed unhealthy snacks one to three times per week. Only a minority of the respondents (17.1%) claimed that they did not consume any unhealthy snacks for the past month. The final model explained 15.7% of the total variance. Taste-and-sensory perception (Adjusted OR = 2.20, 95% Cl = 1.55 - 3.13, p < 0.001) and nutritional knowledge (Adjusted OR = 1.48, 95% Cl =1.12 - 1.97, p < 0.05) were positively associated with unhealthy snacking behaviour among respondents. Conclusion: The present study suggested the stakeholders for future intervention development by concentrate on nutritional knowledge and tasteand-sensory perception among college students. Moreover, governments may also intervene in unhealthy snack companies by refining certain food policies and strengthen the enforcement of food laws.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (MSc.) - Universiti Malaysia Sarawak , 2020.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Unhealthy snacking behaviour, Individual factors, Environmental factors, College students, Kuching, Sarawak.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Unai
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2022 03:09
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2022 03:09
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/37746

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