Numerical and Experimental Analysis on Runner and Gate Positioning for Magnesium Alloy Die-casted Test Piece

Mohd Danial, Bin Ibrahim and Ger, Lian Tan and Lidyana, Binti Roslan and Kashiwabara, Yuki and Jasmine, Jendia and Sunami, Yuta (2019) Numerical and Experimental Analysis on Runner and Gate Positioning for Magnesium Alloy Die-casted Test Piece. Materials Science Forum, 975. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1662-9752

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Abstract

High Pressure Die Casting (HPDC) is a manufacturing process producing complex and precise products by injecting molten material into mold cavity at top speed and pressure. The quality of product is highly related with mold cavity design. Casting defects due to inappropriate mold design will affect mechanical properties, surface quality and product life cycle. Optimization of runner system is essential to manufacture complex and precision product design with minimal defects. The combination of runner and gating system is investigated in this paper. This paper investigated the effect of runner and gating optimization in reducing the gas porosity inside casting by evaluating the fluid and thermal distribution behavior in experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD). The gas porosity generated in the molten magnesium alloy is due to the turbulent flow and the inconsistency of the fluid flow to push the gas bubble away from the main casting. This paper includes an X-ray of a sample product that shows correlation between gas porosity and CFD results. Results show that localize porosity gathered at the bottom of the main casting. Based on localized porosity position, runner and gating system is modified and numerical simulation is carried out for analysis. An inspection instrument step-type test piece is taken as an investigation sample to illustrate the technique of design modifications and improvements. Process parameters considered in this paper are injection speed, injection pressure, melt temperature and mold temperature. This paper proposed new runner designs that can generate balanced velocity and temperature distribution inside mold cavity, improving the solidification process aimed for reducing casting defects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Injection molding, Runner system design, Magnesium, Optimization , unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 00:56
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2020 06:31
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/28315

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