Factors determining the outcome of paediatric exotropia surgery

Lai, Ivan Yoon Kit and Ting, Siew Leng and Cheah, Whye Lian and Ramasamy, Sunder and Jamalia, Binti Rahmat (2019) Factors determining the outcome of paediatric exotropia surgery. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 74 (4). pp. 266-269. ISSN 0300-5283

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the socio-demographic and clinical profile of exotropia surgery outcomes amongst paediatric patients. Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective, clinical study of surgeries performed between 2014 and 2016 at the Sarawak Heart Centre, Malaysia. Medical records of patients with primary and secondary exotropia were reviewed. The following factors that affected the surgical outcomes were collected: onset age of squint, age at the time of surgery, the interval between diagnosis and surgery, the type of exotropia, visual acuity, presence of amblyopia, previous patching, anisometropia, refractive error, type of surgery, preoperative and postoperative deviation, pre-existing ocular comorbidity and systemic illness. Result: A total of 15 patients were studied with more than two thirds being females. Seven patients had primary exotropia while eight patients had secondary exotropia. Average interval between diagnosis and surgery was 1.3 years (±0.82) for primary exotropia and 1.2 years (±0.84) for secondary exotropia. Average pre-operative angle for primary exotropia was 50.57PD (±10.83) whereas secondary exotropia was 39.38PD (±8.63). Seven patients had successful surgical outcomes of within 10 prism dioptres, five for primary exotropia and two for secondary exotropia. The response to surgery was 3.0PD/mm (±0.59) for primary exotropia and 2.2PD/mm (±0.74) for secondary exotropia.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: exotropia, surgery outcome, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2019 01:47
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 01:47
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/26553

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