Melioidosis in Malaysia: Incidence, Clinical Challenges, and Advances in Understanding Pathogenesis

Yuwana, Podin and Ooi, Mong How and Mariappan, Vanitha and Vellasamy, Kumutha Malar and Vadivelu, Jamuna and Daim, Sylvia and How, Soon Hin and Nathan, Sheila and Chieng, Sylvia and Kingsley, Paul Vijay and Mohan, Anand (2019) Melioidosis in Malaysia: Incidence, Clinical Challenges, and Advances in Understanding Pathogenesis. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 3 (1). pp. 1-19. ISSN 2414-6366

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/3/1/25

Abstract

Malaysia is an endemic hot spot for melioidosis; however, a comprehensive picture of the burden of disease, clinical presentations, and challenges faced in diagnosis and treatment of melioidosis is not available. This review provides a nonexhaustive overview of epidemiological data, clinical studies, risk factors, and mortality rates from available literature and case reports. Clinical patterns of melioidosis are generally consistent with those from South and Southeast Asia in terms of common primary presentations with diabetes as a major risk factor. Early diagnosis and appropriate management of Malaysian patients is a key limiting factor, which needs to be addressed to reduce serious complications and high mortality and recurrence rates. Promoting awareness among the local healthcare personnel is crucial to improving diagnostics and early treatment, as well as educating the Malaysian public on disease symptoms and risk factors. A further matter of urgency is the need to make this a notifiable disease and the establishment of a national melioidosis registry. We also highlight local studies on the causative agent, Burkholderia pseudomallei, with regards to bacteriology and identification of virulence factors as well as findings from host–pathogen interaction studies. Collectively, these studies have uncovered new correlations and insights for further understanding of the disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: melioidosis; Burkholderia pseudomallei; Malaysia; epidemiology; bacteriology,unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, , research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Ramji
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 01:44
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2021 11:17
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/25616

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