Genetic and phenotypic characterization of sylvatic dengue virus type 4 strains

Rossi, Shannan L. and Nasar, F. and Cardosa, Mary Jane (2012) Genetic and phenotypic characterization of sylvatic dengue virus type 4 strains. Virology Journal, 423. pp. 58-67. ISSN 1743422X

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Abstract

Four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV 1–4) currently circulate between humans and domestic/peridomestic Aedes mosquitoes, resulting in 100 million infections per year. All four serotypes emerged, independently, from sylvatic progenitors transmitted among non-human primates by arboreal Aedes mosquitoes. This study investigated the genetic and phenotypic changes associated with emergence of human DENV-4 from its sylvatic ancestors. Analysis of complete genomes of 3 sylvatic and 4 human strains revealed high conservation of both the 5′- and 3′-untranslated regions but considerable divergence within the open reading frame. Additionally, the two ecotypes did not differ significantly in replication dynamics in cultured human liver (Huh-7), monkey kidney (Vero) or mosquito (C6/36) cells, although significant inter-strain variation within ecotypes was detected. These findings are in partial agreement with previous studies of DENV-2, where human strains produced a larger number of progeny than sylvatic strains in human liver cells but not in monkey or mosquito cells.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dengue virus (DENV), Sylvatic DENV, Human DENV, Phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 07:56
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 07:56
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/17689

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