Serological Prevalence of Leptospirosis among Rural Communities in the Rejang Basin, Sarawak, Malaysia

Suut, L. and Mazlan, M.N.-A. and Arif, M.T. and Yusoff, H. and Abdul Rahim, N.-A. and Safii, R. and Suhaili, M.R. (2016) Serological Prevalence of Leptospirosis among Rural Communities in the Rejang Basin, Sarawak, Malaysia. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 28 (5). pp. 450-457. ISSN 1010-5395

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Leptospirosis is an important zoonotic disease globally and is endemic in Malaysia. A study was conducted in the Rejang basin of Sarawak from June 2011 to May 2013 to determine the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among the communities and dominant infecting Leptospira serovars. A total of 508 human sera were analyzed using ELISA and the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The seroprevalence of leptospirosis in the study area was 37.4%, with the highest prevalence in Kapit division. More women were positive for leptospirosis (59.5%), and the mean age of seropositive individuals was 42.2 (SD = 18.7) years. Antibody titers between 1:50 and 1:1600 were reported, and serovars djasiman (22.1%), shermani (13.2%), and pomona (7.9%) predominated, with varied distribution between geographical locations. This study highlighted the endemicity and diversity of existing Leptospira serovars within the community. This information should be communicated to local health personnel and communities at risk, and rapid diagnostic capability should be made available to local health facilities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: agglutination test; humans; leptospirosis; prevalence; zoonoses, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2016 20:06
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2022 02:04

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