Three isoforms of isoamylase contribute different catalytic properties for the debranching of potato glucans

Hasnain, Hussain and Alexandra, Mant and Robert, Seale and Sam, Zeeman and Edward, Hinchliffe and Anne, Edwards and Christopher, Hylton and Stephen, Bornemann and Alison, M. Smith and Cathie, Martin and Regla, Bustos (2003) Three isoforms of isoamylase contribute different catalytic properties for the debranching of potato glucans. The Plant Cell, 15 (1). pp. 133-149. ISSN 1532-298X

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12509527

Abstract

Isoamylases are debranching enzymes that hydrolyze � -1,6 linkages in � -1,4/ � -1,6–linked glucan polymers. In plants, they have been shown to be required for the normal synthesis of amylopectin, although the precise manner in which they influence starch synthesis is still debated. cDNA clones encoding three distinct isoamylase isoforms (Stisa1, Stisa2, and Stisa3) have been identified from potato. The expression patterns of the genes are consistent with the possibility that they all play roles in starch synthesis. Analysis of the predicted sequences of the proteins suggested that only Stisa1 and Stisa3 are likely to have hydrolytic activity and that there probably are differences in substrate specificity between these two isoforms. This was confirmed by the expression of each isoamylase in Escherichia coli and characterization of its activity. Partial purification of isoamylase activity from potato tubers showed that Stisa1 and Stisa2 are associated as a multimeric enzyme but that Stisa3 is not associated with this enzyme complex. Our data suggest that Stisa1 and Stisa2 act together to debranch soluble glucan during starch synthesis. The catalytic specificity of Stisa3 is distinct from that of the multimeric enzyme, indicating that it may play a different role in starch metabolism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Isoamylases, hydrolyze, plant, starch, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 06:57
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2015 06:57
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9985

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