Turning cigarette butt waste into an alternative control tool against an insecticide-resistant mosquito vector

Dieng, Hamady and Rajasaygar, Sudha and Abu Hassan, Ahmad and Hamdan, Ahmad and Che Salmah, Md Rawi and Wan Fatma, Zuharah and Satho, Tomomitsu and Miake, Fumio and Fukumitsu, Yuki and Ahmad Ramli Saad, Ramli Saad and Idris, Abd Ghani and Vargas, Ronald Enrique Morales and Abdul Hafiz, Ab Majid and Sazaly, AbuBakar (2013) Turning cigarette butt waste into an alternative control tool against an insecticide-resistant mosquito vector. Acta Tropica, 128 (3). pp. 584-590. ISSN 0001-706X

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Annually, 4.5 trillion cigarette butts (CBs) are flicked into our environment. Evidence exists that CB waste is deadly to aquatic life, but their lethality to the aquatic life of the main dengue vector is unknown. CBs are full of toxicants that occur naturally, during planting and manufacturing, which may act as larvicidal agents. We assessed Aedes aegypti vulnerability to Marlboro butts during its development. Overall, CBs showed insecticidal activities against larvae. At early phases of development, mortality rates were much higher in two CBs solution (2CBSol) and 3CBSol microcosms (MICRs). Larval survival gradually decreased with development in 1CBSol-MICRs. However, in great presence of CBs, mortality was high even for the late developmental stages. These results suggest that A. aegypti larvae are vulnerable to CB presence in their habitats, but this effect was seen most during the early developmental phases and in the presence of increased amounts of cigarette remnants. CB filters are being used as raw material in many sectors, i.e., brick, art, fashion, plastic industries, as a practical solution to the pollution problem, the observed butt waste toxicity to mosquito larvae open new avenues for the identification of novel insecticide products.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cigarette butt; Toxicity; Aedes aegypti; Larval development, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 07:24
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2016 00:42
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9909

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