Development of a small-scale reactor system for bioethanol production from agriculture waste geared towards small industries applications in Malaysia

M. O., Abdullah and S.F., Lim and S.F., Salleh and T. M., Tai and S. L., Leo and A. K., Umar (2011) Development of a small-scale reactor system for bioethanol production from agriculture waste geared towards small industries applications in Malaysia. Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal. ISSN 2172-038X

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Abstract

Bioethanol derived from agriculture can be an alternative fuel source to petroleum-based fuel as the fuel hike and supply depreciation. In Malaysia, agriculture waste materials especially from chip industries (such as banana/yam/tapioca) are potential to be one of the feedstock for producing bioethanol. The utilization of the waste feedstock for biofuel production does not disturb the food chain as it is a waste-to-energy concept based. This paper presents the development of an affordable reactor system that is feasible to be applying in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) in Malaysia. The reactor system concentrated on the fermentation of the feedstock. Based on the experimental results, it is estimated that the yielding percentage of bioethanol is around 14 % for batch production. Moreover, it is estimated that this reactor is able to produce bioethanol around 0.85 L for each batch of production which implied a petrol fuel cost saving for SMEs around 10 % if bioethanol is blended with the fossil fuel.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioethanol, Agriculture waste, Waste-to-energy, Bioreactor system, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2015 02:37
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2015 02:37
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9839

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