A novel computer-aided multivariate water quality index

Siong, Fong Sim and Teck, Yee Ling and Seng, Lau and Mohd Zuli, Jaafar (2015) A novel computer-aided multivariate water quality index. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187 (181). p. 181. ISSN 1573-2959

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A computer-aided multivariate water quality index is developed based on partial least squares (PLS) regression. The index is termed as the partial least squares water quality index (PLS-WQI). Briefly, a training set was computationally generated based on the guideline of National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS) to predict the water quality. The index is benchmarked with the well-established index developed by the Department of Environment, Malaysia (DOE-WQI). The PLS-WQI is a continuous variable with the value closer to I indicating good water quality and closer to V indicating poor water quality. Unlike other conventional indexing methods, the algorithm calculates the index in a multivariate manner. The algorithm allows rapid processing of a large dataset without tedious calculation; it can be an efficient tool for spatial and temporal routine monitoring of water quality. Although the algorithm is designed based on the guideline of NWQS, it can be easily adapted to accommodate other guidelines. The algorithm was evaluated and demonstrated on the simulated and real datasets. Results indicate that the algorithm is robust and reliable. Based on six parameters, the overall ratings derived are inversely correlated to DOE-WQI. When the number of parameter is increased, the overall ratings appear to provide better insights into the water quality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Multivariate, Partial least squares regression, Water Quality index, National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia,unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2015 03:10
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2016 16:27
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9564

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