Reciprocal Teaching and Comprehension of Struggling Readers

Humaira, Raslie and Damien, Mikeng and Ting, Su Hie (2015) Reciprocal Teaching and Comprehension of Struggling Readers. International Journal of Education, 7 (1). ISSN 1948-5476

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Abstract

This preliminary study examined the effect of reciprocal teaching on struggling readers’ comprehension of a narrative text. The specific aspects studied were: (1) their suggestions to remake the ending of the narrative text based on preceding events; (2) their guided recall of details making up the gist of the narrative; and (3) their unguided recall of the gist of the narrative. The reciprocal teaching strategy was used to teach a literary text to 14 Malaysian struggling readers of English. The results showed that in the first lesson these students could not yet make links between the events of the story to suggest an alternative resolution of the narrative. Subsequently, their responses in the guided recall task showed that the four groups were able to supply the information making up gist of the story. However, the final unguided recall task showed that two groups usually provided their evaluation of their story and could remember only disparate details in the orientation of the story but could not recall major events. The findings suggest that a major challenge of implementing the reciprocal teaching strategy is guiding groups to share the task of monitoring their own comprehension through questioning, clarifying, summarizing and predicting.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: reciprocal teaching, reading comprehension, struggling readers, narrative text,recall, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate, Postgraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Centre for Language Studies (rebranded to FLSCS in 2015)
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 07:51
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2016 06:38
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9325

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