Tropical wood polymer nanocomposite (WPNC): The impact of nanoclay on dynamic mechanical thermal properties

Md. Saiful, Islam and Sinin, Hamdan and Zainal Abidin, Talib and Abu Saleh, Ahmed and Md. Rezaur, Rahman (2012) Tropical wood polymer nanocomposite (WPNC): The impact of nanoclay on dynamic mechanical thermal properties. Composites Science and Technology, 72. pp. 1995-2001. ISSN 0266-3538

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Abstract

In this study, wood polymer nanocomposites (WPNCS) were manufactured from five Malaysian tropical wood species by vacuum-impregnation attended by in situ polymerization using phenol–formaldehyde resin and montmorillomite nanoclay. Percentage weight gain and density of wood polymer nanocomposites depended on wood species. Thermo-mechanical properties of wood samples were investigated by the dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) over the temperature range of �100 �C to 200 �C. The intrinsic properties of the components, morphology of the system and the nature of interface between the phases were also determined through DMTA test. Storage modulus (E0) of WPNC samples exhibited significant improvement over the temperature range, in both glassy region and rubbery plateau in relation to their corresponding raw wood samples and wood polymer composites (WPCs). Furthermore, damping (loss tand) peaks of all wood species were lowered by PF-Nanoclay system treatment, an indication of improved surface interphase of wood. Dynamic Young’s modulus (Ed) of wood was also calculated using free–free vibration testing. A significant increment was obtained for the PF-Nanoclay impregnated WPNC samples.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: A. Wood, A. Nanocomposite, B. Thermomechanical properties, D. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2015 03:05
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2015 03:05
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9198

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