Effect of Fiber Treatment and Nanoclay on the Tensile Properties of Jute Fiber Reinforced Polyethylene/Clay Nanocomposites

Md., Faruk Hossen and Sinin, Hamdan and Md. Rezaur, Rahman and Md. Mizanur, Rahman and Fui, Kiew Liew and Josephine, Chang Hui Lai (2015) Effect of Fiber Treatment and Nanoclay on the Tensile Properties of Jute Fiber Reinforced Polyethylene/Clay Nanocomposites. Fibers and Polymers, 16 (2). pp. 479-485. ISSN 1875-0052

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Abstract

The tensile properties of chemically treated jute fiber reinforced polyethylene/clay nanocomposites were investigated. Nanocomposites were prepared using hot press moulding technique by varying jute fiber loading (5, 10, 15 and 20 wt%) for both treated and untreated fibers. Raw jute fibers were chemically treated with benzene diazonium salt to increase their compatibility with the polyethylene matrix. Physical and mechanical properties were subsequently characterized. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis was utilized to study physical properties. Tensile test was conducted for mechanical characterization. FTIR and SEM study showed interfacial interaction among jute fiber, polyethylene and nanoclay. It was observed that at optimum fiber content (15 wt%), treated composites exhibited improvements in tensile strength and modulus by approximately 20 % and 37 % respectively over the raw ones. On the other hand, this composite exhibited improvements in tensile strength and modulus by approximately 8 % and 15 % respectively over the composites without nanoclay. However, treated jute fiber reinforced composites showed better tensile properties compared with untreated ones and also nanoclay incorporated composites enhanced higher tensile properties compared without nanoclay ones.

Item Type: E-Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jute fiber, Chemical treatment, Nanocomposites, Tensile properties, FTIR, SEM, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2015 01:44
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2015 01:44
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/9183

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