Assessment of Brackish Shrimp Farming in Sarawak and its impacts to the environment

Lee, Nyanti and Ting, Chai Hong and Ling, Teck Yee (2002) Assessment of Brackish Shrimp Farming in Sarawak and its impacts to the environment. In: Paper presented at Borneo Research Council Seventh Biennial International Conference.

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Water discharges from shrimp farms have been known to contain high loads of nutrients and suspended solids. Although the receiving water bodies have a capacity to dilute and assimilate the pollutant to a certain extent, eutrophication and other environmental problems could occur if that capacity is exceeded. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different management practices in two brakish shrimp farms in Sarawak and input of nutrients into the surrounding environment. Water quality (physical and chemical) was monitored in two commercial shrimp farms, which practised open system and semi-closed system, and in estuaries adjacent to the farm. Nutrients flushed from the shrimp ponds into the receiving waters during water exchange were also quantified. Results showed that in both farms, pond water have relatively higher concentrations of ammonia nitrogen, total suspended solids and excessive growth of phytoplankton as the shrimp culture progressed. Water exchange rate of 15% of pond water volume in semi-closed system was sufficient in improving water quality of the pond, instead of 30% of water pond volume. The results of this study also indicated that semi-closed system of shrimp farming is more environmental friendly compared to the open-system based on water exchange practice and the contributions of nutrients to the adjacent water bodies. Farms practising daily water exchange is more destructive to the environmental because they discharge more pollutants into the receiving waters.

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, universiti, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, undergraduate, research, Brakish shrimp farming, shrimp, impacts, environment, 2002
Subjects: A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 09:32
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 07:22

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