Effects of Different Concentrations of Total Suspended Solids and Dissolved Oxygen on Survival and Growth of Juvenile Barbonymus schwanenfeldii and Oreochromis niloticus

Nona Nabilah, Binti Ahmad Tarmizi (2014) Effects of Different Concentrations of Total Suspended Solids and Dissolved Oxygen on Survival and Growth of Juvenile Barbonymus schwanenfeldii and Oreochromis niloticus. [Final Year Project Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of different concentrations of total suspended solids (TSS) and dissolved oxygen (DO) on the survival rate and growth of a native species (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) and an exotic species (Oreochromis niloticus). The two species of fish were placed in a tank with different concentrations of TSS; 0 mg/L, 500 mg/L, 1,000 mg/L, 5,000 mg/L, and 10,000 mg/L and different concentrations of DO; 7 mg/ L, 4 mg/L, 2 mg/L, 1 mg/L, and 0 mg/L. When both species were placed in different TSS concentrations, Barbonymus schwanenfeldii showed lower survival rate compared to Oreochromis niloticus at 10,000 mg/L of TSS. The FCR of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii was significantly higher than Oreochromis niloticus in all of the treatments. When both species were tested at the five DO concentrations, Barbonymus schwanenfeldii showed lower survival rate compared to Oreochromis niloticus. Both fish recorded the highest survival rate at 7 mg/L of DO. There is no survival for both species at 2 mg/L, 1 mg/L and 0 mg/L. The FCR of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii was significantly higher than Oreochromis niloticus at 7 mg/L and 4 mg/L. These conclude that Oreochromis niloticus (exotic species) is hardier than Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (native species). The outcome of this study could be used to determine the effects of changes in habitat on the overall population of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii and Oreochromis niloticus.

Item Type: Final Year Project Report
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2014.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marine biology, survival, growth, FCR, exotic species, native species, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate,postgraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 01:37
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015 00:47
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/8259

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