Clearance rate of two commercially important bivalves feeding on pseudo-nitzschia species (Bacillariophyceae)

Tan, Toh Hii (2009) Clearance rate of two commercially important bivalves feeding on pseudo-nitzschia species (Bacillariophyceae). [E-LPTA] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The chain-forming pennate diatom, Pseudo-nitzschia is a cosmopolitan diatom. Contamination of domoic acid (DA), derived from several toxic species of Pseudo-nitzschia in filtered feeding bivalves, has subsequently caused seafood poisoning which is commonly known as amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP). In this study, a feeding experiment was carried out to determine the clearance rates (CR) of two commercial bivalves, blood cockles, Anadara granosa and benthic clams, Polymesoda expansa feeding on Pseudo-nitzschia species. Mass clonal culture of Pseudo-nitzschia sp. strain PnMt43 from Muara Tebas was used as prey in this experiment. The bivalves were fed with different initial cell density ranging from 100 to 5000 cell mL-1. Subsamples were taken half-hourly for a period of six hours for cell counts. Our results showed two distinct clearance responses between the two bivalves (P = 0.0020). P. expansa had the higher CR with 7.316 cell gram-1 mL-1 day than A.granosa with 0.389 cell gram-1 mL-1. The half-saturation concentrations (K) for A. granosa and P. expansa were 955 and 437 cell mL-1, respectively. The higher clearance rate of P. expansa indicates the tendency to accumulate higher level of toxin during a Pseudo-nitzschia bloom. However, P. expansa with higher CR has lower K due to the difference in consumption pattern. Simulation of toxin kinetic of the two bivalves was not able to be conducted due to the absence of toxic Pseudo-nitzschia strains. Further studies on feeding responses and toxin accumulation-depuration rates are important to understand the mechanism of toxin kinetic of DA in these two commercially important bivalves.

Item Type: E-LPTA
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2009.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacillus anthracis, Clearance rate, Pseudo-nitzschia, Anadara granosa, Polymesoda expansa, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2015 02:11
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2015 02:11
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/7704

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