Biodiesel from free fatty acid (FFA) by using heterogeneous catalyst

Siti Ainshah Ashikin, Bt Zainuddin (2013) Biodiesel from free fatty acid (FFA) by using heterogeneous catalyst. [E-LPTA] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biodiesel refers to non-petroleum based fuel obtained from transesterification of vegetable oil. This study was conducted to produce biodiesel from palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD), crude palm oil (CPO) and palm stearin. Biodiesel is produced from waste material by using transesterification process in the present of catalyst. The heterogeneous catalysts were prepared from natural resources as a source of calcium oxide (CaO) and activated carbon catalyst (ACC) to produce a low cost biodiesel production catalyst. CaO was prepared from mussel shell while ACC prepared from plant under calcination at 1000 oC. Both biodiesel and catalyst were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). Biodiesel production from PFAD was produced by two step reactions of esterification as pre-treatment using H2SO4 and transesterification using CaO as catalyst. CPO and palm stearin was produced using 30% methanol as minimum requirement for industrial purposes.

Item Type: E-LPTA
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2013.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalysis, Heterogeneous catalysis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, university, university, education, IPTA, research, Sarawak, Malaysia, kuching, samarahan, borneo, undergraduate
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 14 May 2015 04:38
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2015 01:11
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/7475

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