A generic assay for whole-genome amplification and deep sequencing of enterovirus A71

Tan, Le Van and Tuyen, Nguyen Thi Kim and Thanh, Tran Tan and Ngan, Tran Thuy and Van, Hoang Minh Tu and Sabanathan, Saraswathy and Van, Tran Thi My and Thanh, Le Thi My and Nguyet, Lam Anh and Geoghegan, Jemma L. and Ong, Kien Chai and Perera, David and Hang, Vu Thi Ty and Ny, Nguyen Thi Han and Anh, Nguyen To and Ha, Do Quang and Qui, Phan Tu and Viet, Do Chau and Tuan, Ha Manh and Wong, Kum Thong and Holmes, Edward C. and Chau, Nguyen Van Vinh and Thwaites, Guy and Doorn, H. Rogier van (2015) A generic assay for whole-genome amplification and deep sequencing of enterovirus A71. Journal of Virological Methods, 215. pp. 30-36. ISSN 0166-0934

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Abstract

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) has emerged as the most important cause of large outbreaks of severe and sometimes fatal hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) across the Asia-Pacific region. EV-A71 outbreaks have been associated with (sub)genogroup switches, sometimes accompanied by recombination events. Understanding EV-A71 population dynamics is therefore essential for understanding this emerging infection, and may provide pivotal information for vaccine development. Despite the public health burden of EV-A71, relatively few EV-A71 complete-genome sequences are available for analysis and from limited geographical localities. The availability of an efficient procedure for whole-genome sequencing would stimulate effort to generate more viral sequence data. Herein, we report for the first time the development of a next-generation sequencing based protocol for whole-genome sequencing of EV-A71 directly from clinical specimens. We were able to sequence viruses of subgenogroup C4 and B5, while RNA from culture materials of diverse EV-A71 subgenogroups belonging to both genogroup B and C was successfully amplified. The nature of intra-host genetic diversity was explored in 22 clinical samples, revealing 107 positions carrying minor variants (ranging from 0 to 15 variants per sample). Our analysis of EV-A71 strains sampled in 2013 showed that they all belonged to subgenogroup B5, representing the first report of this subgenogroup in Vietnam. In conclusion, we have successfully developed a high-throughput next-generation sequencing-based assay for whole-genome sequencing of EV-A71 from clinical samples.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Enterovirus A71, Picornavirus, Hand foot and mouth disease, Deep sequencing, Phylogeny, research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education,
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Ramji
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2015 07:02
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2015 07:02
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/7211

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