Pathophysiologic and prognostic role of cytokines in dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Bethell, Delia B. and Flobbe, Karin and Phuong, Cao Xuan Thanh and Day, Nicholas P.J. and Phuong, Pham Tung and Buurman, Wim A. and Cardosa, Mary Jane and White, Nicholas J. and Kwiatkowski, Dominic (1998) Pathophysiologic and prognostic role of cytokines in dengue hemorrhagic fever. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 177 (3). pp. 778-782. ISSN 1537-6613

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Dengue shock syndrome is a severe complication of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), characterized by a massive increase in vascular permeability. Plasma cytokine concentrations were prospectively studied in 443 Vietnamese children with DHF, of whom 6 died. Shock was present in 188 children on admission to hospital, and in 71 children it developed later. Contrary to expectations, certain inflammatory markers (interleukin-6 and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1) were lower in the group with shock, and this may reflect the general loss of protein from the circulation due to capillary leakage. Only soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) levels showed a consistent positive relationship with disease severity. In patients with suspected DHF without shock, admission levels of sTNFR-75 in excess of 55 pg/mL predicted the subsequent development of shock, with a relative risk of 5.5 (95% confidence interval, 2.3–13.2). Large-scale release of soluble TNFR may be an early and specific marker of the endothelial changes that cause dengue shock syndrome.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Diseases,Dengue shock syndrome, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education,research, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Ramji
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2015 06:56
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 01:00

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