Phyto-toxicological effects of chromated copper arsenate preservative and wood extractives from selected Malaysian timber species

Rafidah, Binti Bakran (2012) Phyto-toxicological effects of chromated copper arsenate preservative and wood extractives from selected Malaysian timber species. [Final Year Project Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The wastewater and contaminated soil from wood extractives and both the wood–preservation and wood processing industries are considered significant pollutants because of their chemical components such as tannins, lignins, chlorinated compounds and wood preservation. This study evaluated the phyto-toxicity effects of wood extractives from four selected Malaysian timbers species and CCA (Chromated Copper Arsenate) on lettuce seed germination. The wood extractives were obtained using hot and cold water extractives. The concentration of both wood extractives for each species and CCA solution were diluted into three different concentrations. The seed germination method was employed to test the phytotoxicity of the wood extractives and CCA solution. The experimental result of this study indicates that concentration > 0.75 % w/w CCA caused < 50% of the lettuce seed death and the mean of germination was 41.3 %. At concentration < 0.25 % w/w CCA, no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on lettuce seed germination was observed and the germinating rate was recorded as 96.3 to 88.8 %. The phyto-toxic effects of wood extractives for each species suggested that no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on the mean of seed germination.

Item Type: Final Year Project Report
Additional Information: Project Report (B.Sc.) -- Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 2012.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Timber--Malaysia--Identification, wood extractives, CCA preservative, phyto-toxicity, Malaysian timbers, FSTS, 2012, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, universiti, university, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, undergraduate, research
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2015 02:26
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 08:04
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/6234

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