Occurrence of Escherichia coli in Wildlife from Different Habitats of Sarawak, Malaysia

Lesley Maurice, Bilung and Kho, Kai Ling and Kasing, Apun and Mohd Tajuddin, Abdullah and Mustapha, Abdul Rahman and Chen, Yik Ming and Adom, Benjamen and Yee Ling, Chong and Hashimatul Fatma, Hashim (2014) Occurrence of Escherichia coli in Wildlife from Different Habitats of Sarawak, Malaysia. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 4 (1). pp. 19-27.

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Abstract

This study was carried out to assess the occurrence of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in the bats, birds and rodents as representative of wildlife from different habitats in Sibu and Kapit, Sarawak, Malaysia. A total of 682 swab samples were collected from wildlife hosts and screened for the bacteria E. coli and E. coli O157:H7 using standard microbiological methods and molecular techniques. The overall occurrence rates of E. coli among these hosts were 14%, 17% and 54% for bats, birds and rodents, respectively. The occurrence of E. coli was the highest in rodents regardless of the habitats. Isolated E. coli were then screened for E. coli O157:H7 by using a multiplex PCR with four primer pairs targeting for Shiga toxin producing genes (slt-I and slt-II), and the genes involved in biosynthesis of O157 antigen (rfbE) and H7 antigen (fliCH7 ). slt-I, slt-II and rfbE genes were not detected in any of the E. coli isolates. However, the gene encoding for H7 antigen was detected in 23 E. coli isolates. This indicated that E. coli O157:H7 strain was not detected in the wildlife studied. Absence of E. coli O157:H7 in the wildlife studied indicated these wild animals do not serve as an important reservoir of E. coli O157:H7. However, precautions have to be taken as other group of pathogenic E. coli may pose a zoonotic risk for humans and other animals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Escherichia coli, occurrence, Sarawak, wildlife, Zoology, 2014, UNIMAS, FSTS, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education,undergraduate,postgraduate,research
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Karen Kornalius
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2014 03:20
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015 03:43
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/4435

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