Optimal Aeration Management Strategy for A Small-Scale Food Waste Composting

Lai, Jia Chi and Hwang, Siaw San and Then, Yi Lung and Lee, Chung Sien (2023) Optimal Aeration Management Strategy for A Small-Scale Food Waste Composting. Carbon Resources Conversion. pp. 1-31. ISSN 2588-9133

[img] PDF
Optimal Aeration - Copy.pdf

Download (392kB)
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...


Food waste is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions when it ends up in landfills. Composting is a sustainable solution to this problem, but it requires controlled and continuous airflow for optimal performance. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of aeration rates and airflow directions on food waste composting using a closed system with forced aeration. Air was entered into the composting vessel in three directions, which were upward, downward, and a combination of both directions. Each direction was run at aeration rates of 0.1, 0.4, and 0.7 L/min. The findings show that the compost pile aerated at 0.4 L/min by using two-directional airflow can reach the thermophilic temperature within half of the day. The compost pile achieved temperature of 40.94°C after 10.5 hours. Although the compost experienced slightly high in moisture loss (4.3%), the compost still attained the standard values for maturity. The compost produced from food waste could be applied in soil to improve its fertility.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: small-scale composting, two-directional airflow, intermittent aeration, food waste.
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Yi Lung
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2023 23:50
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2023 23:50
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/43330

Actions (For repository members only: login required)

View Item View Item