Landscape-scale benefits of protected areas for tropical biodiversity

Brodie, Jedediah F. and Mohd Azlan, Jayasilan and Cheng, Chen and Wearn, Oliver R. and Deith, Mairin C. M. and Ball, James G. C. and Slade, Eleanor M. and Burslem, David F. R. P. and Shu, Woan Teoh and Williams, Peter J. (2023) Landscape-scale benefits of protected areas for tropical biodiversity. Nature, 620. pp. 807-812.

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The United Nations recently agreed to major expansions of global protected areas (PAs) to slow biodiversity declines1. However, although reserves often reduce habitat loss, their efficacy at preserving animal diversity and their influence on biodiversity in surrounding unprotected areas remain unclear2,3,4,5. Unregulated hunting can empty PAs of large animals6, illegal tree felling can degrade habitat quality7, and parks can simply displace disturbances such as logging and hunting to unprotected areas of the landscape8 (a phenomenon called leakage). Alternatively, well-functioning PAs could enhance animal diversity within reserves as well as in nearby unprotected sites9 (an effect called spillover). Here we test whether PAs across mega-diverse Southeast Asia contribute to vertebrate conservation inside and outside their boundaries. Reserves increased all facets of bird diversity. Large reserves were also associated with substantially enhanced mammal diversity in the adjacent unprotected landscape. Rather than PAs generating leakage that deteriorated ecological conditions elsewhere, our results are consistent with PAs inducing spillover that benefits biodiversity in surrounding areas. These findings support the United Nations goal of achieving 30% PA coverage by 2030 by demonstrating that PAs are associated with higher vertebrate diversity both inside their boundaries and in the broader landscape.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2023 08:57
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2023 08:57

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