Prevalence of filarial parasites in domestic and stray cats in Selangor State, Malaysia

Nazeh, M. Al-Abd and Zurainee, Mohamed Nor and Mustafa, Kassim and Marzida, Mansor and Abdulelah H., Al-Adhroey and Romano, Ngui and Sinnadurai, Sivanandam (2015) Prevalence of filarial parasites in domestic and stray cats in Selangor State, Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 8 (9). pp. 705-709. ISSN 1995-7645

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Objective: To determine the prevalence of the filarial parasites,ie.,Brugia malayi, Brugia, Brugia pahangi(B. pahangi), Dirofilaria immitisandDirofilaria repens (D. repens) in domestic and stray cats. Methods: A total of 170 blood sample were collected from domestic and stray cats and examined for filarial worm parasites in two localities, Pulau Carey and Bukit Gasing, Selangor State, Malaysia. Results: The overall prevalence of infection was 23.5% (40/170; 95% CI = 17.4–30.6). Of this, 35% (14/40; 95% CI = 22.1–50.5) and 50% (20/40; 95% CI = 35.2–64.8) were positive for single B. pahangi nd D. repens, respectively. The remaining of 15% (6/40; 95% CI = 7.1–29.1) were positive for mixed B. pahangi and D. repens. In addition, 75% of the infected cats were domestic, and 25% were strays. No Brugia malayi and Dirofilaria immitis was detected. Eighty-four cats were captured at Pulau Carey, of which 35.7% (30/84) were infected. Among the cats determined to be infected, 93% (28/30; 95% CI = 78.7–98.2) were domestic, and only 6.7% (2/30; 95% CI = 19.0–21.3) were strays. Conversely, the number of infected cats was three times lower in Bukit Gasing than in Pulau Carey, and most of the cats were stray. Conclusions: B. pahangi and D. repens could be the major parasites underlying filariasis in the study area. Adequate prophylactic plans should be administrated in the cat population in study area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Filarial parasites, Brugia, Wuchereria, Dirofilaria, Cat, Filariasis.
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2023 08:05
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2023 08:05

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