Gut microbiome of helminth-infected indigenous Malaysians is context dependent

Man, Zi Tee and Yi, Xian Er and Alice V., Easton and Nan, Jiun Yap and Li, Li Lee and Joseph, Devlin and Ze, Chen and Kee, Seong Ng and Pooranii, Subramanian and Angelina, Angelova and Oyebola, Oyesola and Shushan, Sargsian and Romano, Ngui and Daniel P., Beiting and Christopher Chiong, Meng Boey and Kek, Heng Chua and Ken, Cadwell and Yvonne Ai Lian, Lim and P’ng, Loke and Soo, Ching Lee (2022) Gut microbiome of helminth-infected indigenous Malaysians is context dependent. Microbiome, 10 (214). pp. 1-20. ISSN 2049-2618

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Background: While microbiomes in industrialized societies are well characterized, indigenous populations with traditional lifestyles have microbiomes that are more akin to those of ancient humans. However, metagenomic data in these populations remains scarce, and the association with soil-transmitted helminth infection status is unclear. Here, we sequenced 650 metagenomes of indigenous Malaysians from fve villages with diferent prevalence of helminth infections. Results: Individuals from villages with higher prevalences of helminth infections have more unmapped reads and greater microbial diversity. Microbial community diversity and composition were most strongly associated with different villages and the efects of helminth infection status on the microbiome varies by village. Longitudinal changes in the microbiome in response to albendazole anthelmintic treatment were observed in both helminth infected and uninfected individuals. Inference of bacterial population replication rates from origin of replication analysis identifed specifc replicating taxa associated with helminth infection. Conclusions: Our results indicate that helminth efects on the microbiota were highly dependent on context, and efects of albendazole on the microbiota can be confounding for the interpretation of deworming studies. Furthermore, a substantial quantity of the microbiome remains unannotated, and this large dataset from an indigenous population associated with helminth infections is a valuable resource for future studies

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Helminth, Microbiome, Metagenomic sequencing, Indigenous population, Albendazole.
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2023 01:37
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2023 01:37

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