Preliminary study for catalytic gasification of water hyacinth for syngas production

April Ling Kwang, Chee and Bridgid Lai Fui, Chin and Shaharin Anwar, Sulaiman and Chai, Yee Ho and Agus, Saptoro and Hadiza Aminu, Umar and Lam, Man Kee and Yiin, Chung Loong (2023) Preliminary study for catalytic gasification of water hyacinth for syngas production. In: International Conference on Sustainable Processes and Clean Energy Transition 2022 (ICSuPCET), 1 – 2 December 2022., Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.

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Water hyacinth being one of the top invasive aquatic plants has brought upon various challenges towards the humanity and the environment. The magnitude of the menace of uncontrollable growth and spread of water hyacinth has sparked the interest of researchers in identifying its potential as a biomass feedstock for biofuel production. Biomass gasification is deemed as a promising green technology which is capable of converting biomass into value-added commodity. Conversion of such large quantity of biomass into biofuel via gasification does not only help to promote sustainable resource utilization but also facilitates the reduction of global carbon impacts and engender socioeconomic development. The addition of catalysts to the gasification process could enhance the formation of gaseous products where the gas composition may be altered. This study aims to present the preliminary study on the gasification performance of water hyacinth biomass in a lab scale fixed-bed downdraft gasifier (67 mm diameter and 750 mm height), with the use of air as the gasifying agent in a batch feeding of 50 grams for each run. The results showed that temperature has a substantial effect on the gasification of water hyacinth whereby hydrogen produced was raised from 2.92 vol.% to 11.19 vol.%. Further gasification tests are expected for the optimization of the main process parameters such as biomass particle size and catalyst loading.

Item Type: Proceeding (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gasification, Biomass, Water Hyacinth, Syngas, Downdraft Gasifier.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Chung Loong
Date Deposited: 23 May 2023 07:22
Last Modified: 23 May 2023 07:22

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