Natural Bioactive Compounds Targeting NADPH Oxidase Pathway in Cardiovascular Diseases

Siti Sarah, M. Sofiullah and Dharmani Devi, Murugan and Suhaila, Abd Muid and Wu, Yuan Seng and Sharifah Zamiah, Syed Abdul Kadir and Razif, Abas and Nurul Raudzah, Adib Ridzuan and Nor Hisam, Zamakshshari and Choy, Ker Woon (2023) Natural Bioactive Compounds Targeting NADPH Oxidase Pathway in Cardiovascular Diseases. Molecules, 28 (1047). pp. 1-24.

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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, in both developed and developing countries. According to the WHO report, the morbidity and mortality caused by CVD will continue to rise with the estimation of death going up to 22.2 million in 2030. NADPH oxidase (NOX)-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) production induces endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) uncoupling and mitochondrial dysfunction, resulting in sustained oxidative stress and the development of cardiovascular diseases. Seven distinct members of the family have been identified of which four (namely, NOX1, 2, 4 and 5) may have cardiovascular functions. Currently, the treatment and management plan for patients with CVDs mainly depends on the drugs. However, prolonged use of prescribed drugs may cause adverse drug reactions. Therefore, it is crucial to find alternative treatment options with lesser adverse effects. Natural products have been gaining interest as complementary therapy for CVDs over the past decade due to their wide range of medicinal properties, including antioxidants. These might be due to their potent active ingredients, such as flavonoid and phenolic compounds. Numerous natural compounds have been demonstrated to have advantageous effects on cardiovascular disease via NADPH cascade. This review highlights the potential of natural products targeting NOX-derived ROS generation in treating CVDs. Emphasis is put on the activation of the oxidases, including upstream or downstream signalling events.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: natural products; cardiovascular diseases; oxidative stress; NADPH signalling pathway
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Zamakshshari
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2023 08:05
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2023 08:05

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