Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) conversion to hydrogen (H2) and value-added chemicals : Progress, challenges and outlook

Chan, Yi Herng and Adrian Chun Minh, Loy and Cheah, Kin Wai and Slyvester Yew Wang, Chai and Ngu, Lock Hei and How, Bing Shen and Claudia, Li and Serene Sow Mun, Lock and Wong, Mee Kee and Yiin, Chung Loong and Bridgid Lai Fui, Chin and Chan, Zhe Phak and Lam, Su Shiung (2023) Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) conversion to hydrogen (H2) and value-added chemicals : Progress, challenges and outlook. Chemical Engineering Journal, 458. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1873-3212

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Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a toxic gas released from natural occurrences (such as volcanoes, hot springs, municipal waste decomposition) and human economic activities (such as natural gas treatment and biogas production). Even at very low concentrations, H2S can cause adverse health impacts and fatality. As such, the containment and proper management of H2S is of paramount importance. The recovered H2S can then be transformed into hydrogen (H2) and various value-added products as a major step towards sustainability and circular economy. In this review, the state-of-the-art technologies for H2S conversion and utilization are reviewed and discussed. Claus process is an industrially established and matured technology used in converting H2S to sulfur and sulfuric acid. However, the process is energy intensive and emits CO2 and SO2. This calls for more sustainable and energy-efficient H2S conversion technologies. In particular, recent technologies for H2S conversion via thermal, biological, plasma (thermal and non-thermal), electrochemical and photocatalytic routes, are critically reviewed with respect to their strengths and limitations. Besides, the potential of diversified value-added products derived from H2S, such as H2, syngas, carbon disulfide (CS2), ammonium sulphate ((NH4)2SO4), ammonium thiosulfate ((NH4)2S2O3), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) and ethylene (C2H4) are elucidated in detail with respect to the technology readiness level, market demand of products, technical requirements and environmental impacts. Lastly, the technological gaps and way forward for each technology are also outlined.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogen sulfide, Conversion Hydrogen, Value-added chemicals, Technology maturity.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Chung Loong
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2023 01:13
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2023 01:13
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/41182

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