Energy subsidy reform and energy sustainability in Malaysia

Dzul Hadzwan, Husaini and Hooi Hooi, Lean and Puah, Chin Hong and Dyg Affizzah, Awang Marikan (2023) Energy subsidy reform and energy sustainability in Malaysia. Economic Analysis and Policy, 77. pp. 913-927. ISSN 2204-2296

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The 12th Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlighted the importance of ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns. Researchers have found that energy subsidies may encourage overconsumption, misuse, and moral hazard problems. Hence, there is a need to rationalize inefficient energy subsidies. Consequently, the Malaysian government has been implementing a subsidy reformation program to improve energy efficiency and reduce fiscal burdens. This study aims to identify and compare the impacts of energy subsidies and oil prices on energy consumption across the agricultural, industrial and service sectors in Malaysia. It is critical for policymakers to better understand the role of energy subsidies in influencing energy consumption, especially the magnitude to which energy subsidies influence energy consumption, in order to structure a subsidy reform strategy which effectively addresses the energy overconsumption issue. In this study, a time series dataset covering the years of 1978 through 2018 is analyzed. The ARDL approach and Granger causality test were employed to determine meaningful statistical evidence and revealed four important findings. Firstly, energy subsidies have a positive relationship with energy consumption. Secondly, oil prices have a negative relationship with energy consumption and energy subsidies significantly interact with oil prices to affect energy consumption. This significant positive moderating effect suggests that energy subsidies may counteract the negative impact of oil prices on energy consumption. Thirdly, output has the greatest (positive) impact on energy consumption. And finally, energy subsidies drive higher outputs in the agricultural sector.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy sustainability, Energy subsidies, Oil prices, Output, Time series analysis.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Husaini
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2023 07:11
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2023 07:11

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