Role of deep eutectic solvents as pretreatment medium for biomass transformation

Chung Loong, Yiin and Kok Liang, Yap and Dayang Salyani, Abang Mahmod and Bridgid Lai Fui, Chin and Serene Sow Mun, Lock and Yi Herng, Chan and Kin Wai, Cheah and Martin J., Taylor and Georgios, Kyriakoug (2022) Role of deep eutectic solvents as pretreatment medium for biomass transformation. In: Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Deep Eutectic Solvents: Fundamentals and Emerging Applications. Elsevier Inc, pp. 139-160. ISBN 978-0-323-99905-2

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Traditionally, biomass utilization was realized through the concept of biorefineries and the purpose of using biomass was mostly energy-driven. Over the years, the concept of biomass valorization shifted its focus toward unleashing the maximum potential of biomass in downstream processing such as for the production of various energy carriers and value-added bioproducts or chemicals. The main stepping stone toward realizing biomass transformation can be attributed to the ubiquitous nature of biomass, from which most of the biopolymers exhibited high recalcitrance in common solvents due to the heterogeneous polyphenolic structure of the lignin and the highly ordered cellulose’s crystalline structure. The recalcitrance of biomass poses constraints in the biomass-to-biofuels conversion or other valueadded bioproducts which typically involves three major steps: pretreatment, hydrolysis, and fermentation (Binod & Pandey, 2015). The pretreatment of biomass can be regarded as the most important step in biomass processing. In this sense, the goal of biomass pretreatment is to disintegrate the lignin barrier and make the celluloses, hemicelluloses, and other substrates accessible, as well as to enable the further processing and recovery of the valuable components embedded within the biomass.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomass utilization, deep eutectic solvents, biomass transformation, heterogeneous polyphenolic, biopolymers.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Chung Loong
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2022 08:53
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2022 03:32

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