A state-of-the-art review on capture and separation of hazardous hydrogen sulfide (H2S): Recent advances, challenges and outlook

Chan, Yi Herng and Lock, Serene Sow Mun and Wong, Mee Kee and Yiin, Chung Loong and Loy, Adrian Chun Minh and Cheah, Kin Wai and Chai, Slyvester Yew Wang and Li, Claudia and How, Bing Shen and Chin, Bridgid Lai Fui and Chan, Zhe Phak and Lam, Su Shiung (2022) A state-of-the-art review on capture and separation of hazardous hydrogen sulfide (H2S): Recent advances, challenges and outlook. Environmental Pollution, 314 (120219). pp. 1-20.

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Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a flammable, corrosive and lethal gas even at low concentrations (ppm levels). Hence, the capture and removal of H2S from various emitting sources (such as oil and gas processing facilities, natural emissions, sewage treatment plants, landfills and other industrial plants) is necessary to prevent and mitigate its adverse effects on human (causing respiratory failure and asphyxiation), environment (creating highly flammable and explosive environment), and facilities (resulting in corrosion of industrial equipment and pipelines). In this review, the state-of-the-art technologies for H2S capture and removal are reviewed and discussed. In particular, the recent technologies for H2S removal such as membrane, adsorption, absorption and membrane contactor are extensively reviewed. To date, adsorption using metal oxide-based sorbents is by far the most established technology in commercial scale for the fine removal of H2S, while solvent absorption is also industrially matured for bulk removal of CO2 and H2S simultaneously. In addition, the strengths, limitations, technological gaps and way forward for each technology are also outlined. Furthermore, the comparison of established carbon capture technologies in simultaneous and selective removal of H2S–CO2 is also comprehensively discussed and presented. It was found that the existing carbon capture technologies are not adequate for the selective removal of H2S from CO2 due to their similar characteristics, and thus extensive research is still needed in this area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: H2S, Capture, Removal, Performance, Feasibility
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2022 00:14
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2022 07:29
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/39984

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