Community-based quit smoking intervention in Sarawak, Malaysia

Md Mizanur, Rahman and Muhammad Siddiq, Daud and Sabrina, Lukas and Kamarudin, Kana and Merikan, Aren and Rudy Ngau, Ajeng and Mohd Faiz, Gahamat (2022) Community-based quit smoking intervention in Sarawak, Malaysia. International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), 11 (4). pp. 1230-1240. ISSN 2252-8806

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Abstract

Rising worldwide adolescent smoking necessitates national and global research to establish intervention methods. This research evaluated the efficacies of ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange (5A’s) and ask, advise, act (3A’s) interventions. Self-reported quit-smoking attempts were the outcome measure. Six villages were randomly selected and equally divided into three groups: 5A’s, 3A’s, and control (no intervention). There were 519 current participant-smokers aged 13-17 followed-up by phone (first and third months) and face-to-face interviews (sixth and ninth months). Most 3A’s participants (n=12, 7.1%) quitted smoking in the first month, followed by the 5A’s (n=9, 5.3%) and the control (n=3, 1.9%). In the third month, 5A’s participants topped the rank (n=16, 10.7%), followed by the 3A’s (n=14, 9.2%), and control (n=5, 3.4%). As per sixth-month follow-up, the 5A’s group maintained its position on top of the list (n =27, 21.4%), followed by the 3A’s (n=22, 17.1%) and the control (n=5, 4.0%). The majority of 5A’s participants quitted smoking after nine months (n=36, 33.0%), followed by the 3A’s (n=27, 25.5%), while control maintained its position (n=5, 5.0%). Division health officers and school health-teams nationwide should implement them.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent, Cluster randomised control trial, Community Sarawak, Smoking cessation.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Rahman
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2022 01:02
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2022 01:02
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/39773

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