Assessment of the genetic variations of sago palm Metroxylon sagu in three regions of Sarawak, Malaysia using amplifed fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) marker

Mehvish, Nisar and Hasnain, Hussain (2022) Assessment of the genetic variations of sago palm Metroxylon sagu in three regions of Sarawak, Malaysia using amplifed fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) marker. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 9 (46). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2196-5641

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Abstract

Background: Sago palm (Metroxylon sagu) is an important staple crop in the rural area of Sarawak, Malaysia. The palms grow well in the rough, swampy peat, from low fooded areas to uplands and acidic to neutral soils. Among the starch-producing crops, this palm is the most productive and promising, where it can store a signifcant amount of carbohydrate in the trunk. Due to the lack of molecular study of sago palm, the work described here aimed to develop molecular markers for identifying M. sagu and accessing the genetic variations of sago palm in diferent locations of Sarawak. Results: Amplifed fragment length polymorphism was employed to determine the genetic variations of sago palm between ffteen populations collected from three diferent locations: Mukah, Pusa and Samarahan. Based on 35,016 polymorphic fragments generated from 32 primer combinations, polymorphic information content (PIC), marker index (MI) and resolving power (RP) averaged 0.269, 0.005157 and 51.52039 per primer combination, respectively, were obtained, signifying the efectiveness and accuracy of the AFLP marker. Mukah showed higher diversity (I=0.428, H=0.232), while Pusa showed the lowest (I=0.367, H=0.240). The average value of the Shannon information index was 0.404. AMOVA showed 99% of the variation was found within the population. The Mantel test was performed with 9999 permutations. A signifcantly positive correlation (r=0.220, p=0.010) was observed between the genetic divergence of the population (Nei genetic distance) with the geographical distance. Conclusions: Our study considered AFLP is as an efective and reliable method to assess the genetic variations and the identifcation of M. sagu.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AFLP, DNA fngerprinting, Genetic diversity, Genetic variation, M. sagu.
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 03:24
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2022 03:24
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/39563

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