Electrocoagulation Treatment of Peat Water in Sarawak with Aluminium Electrodes

Allene, Albania Linus (2022) Electrocoagulation Treatment of Peat Water in Sarawak with Aluminium Electrodes. Masters thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

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Water scarcity is still a major problem in Sarawak’s rural areas. Peat water is abundantly found in the rural coastal regions but peat water is associated with a distinct red-brown colour and unpleasant smell. As such, this research investigates the application of an electrocoagulation treatment system for peat water with aluminium electrodes in which a low cost, easy maintenance, and locally fabricated electrocoagulation treatment system prototype is developed. In addition to experimental studies, the study also attempts to study the kinetics and statistical studies, as well as the optimisation of the developed electrocoagulation system parameters for peat water treatment. The electrode design with the most effective areas and number of electrodes impact on the system's overall efficiency are also investigated. This study also investigated the effectiveness of the post-treatment process, particularly on the filtration and disinfection system. From the study, the optimum operating conditions of the developed electrocoagulation system are 60 minutes of treatment time and current density of 18.52 A/m2 with 10 plates in which produced treated water quality parameters on par with the Malaysian water standard. It is also found that with a post-treatment process, the overall operating cost and treatment time is reduced to about 50%. The kinetics of electrocoagulation peat water adheres to pseudo-second-order kinetics, whereas the kinetic model follows the Langmuir adsorption isotherm and Variable-Order kinetics model. For the statistical and optimisation study, the optimized parameters attained are current density at 19.109 A/m2 and treatment time of 57.08 minutes, with effective removal of turbidity (89.8%), COD (96.6%), and colour (97.06%). Overall, the electrocoagulation process is an efficient process to treat peat water.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2022 06:15
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2023 04:35
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/39293

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