Deep learning in the grading of diabetic retinopathy: A review

Nurul Mirza Afiqah, Tajudin and Kuryati, Kipli and Muhammad Hamdi, Mahmood and Lik Thai, Lim and Dayang Azra, Awang Mat and Rohana, Sapawi and Siti Kudnie, Sahari and Kasumawati, Lias and Suriati Khartini, Jali and Mohammed Enamul, Hoque (2022) Deep learning in the grading of diabetic retinopathy: A review. IET Computer Vision. pp. 1-16. ISSN 1751-9632

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Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) grading into different stages of severity continues to remain a challenging issue due to the complexities of the disease. Diabetic Retinopathy grading classifies retinal images to five levels of severity ranging from 0 to 5, which represents No DR, Mild non‐proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), Moderate NPDR, Severe NPDR, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. With the advancement of Deep Learning, studies on the application of the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) in DR grading have been on the rise. High accuracy and sensitivity are the desired outcome of these studies. This paper reviewed recently published studies that employed CNN for DR grading to 5 levels of severity. Various approaches are applied in classifying retinal images which are, (i) by training CNN models to learn the features for each grade and (ii) by detecting and segmenting lesions using information about their location such as microaneurysms, exudates, and haemorrhages. Public and private datasets have been utilised by researchers in classifying retinal images for DR. The performance of the CNN models was measured by accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, and area under the curve. The CNN models and their performance varies for every study. More research into the CNN model is necessary for future work to improve model performance in DR grading. The Inception model can be used as a starting point for subsequent research. It will also be necessary to investigate the attributes that the model uses for grading.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetic Retinopathy, ophthalmologists, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN).
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Jali
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2022 04:00
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2022 04:00

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