Enteral but not parenteral antibiotics enhance gut function and prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in formula-fed newborn preterm pigs

Birck, Malene M. and Duc Ninh, Nguyen and Cilieborg, Malene S. and Shamrulazhar, Shamzir Kamal and Nielsen, Dennis Sandris and Damborg, Peter and Olsen, John E. and Lauridsen, Charlotte and Sangild, Per Torp and Thymann, Thomas (2015) Enteral but not parenteral antibiotics enhance gut function and prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in formula-fed newborn preterm pigs. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology., 310. G323-G333. ISSN 1522-1547

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Abstract

Pre-term infants are susceptible to infection and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and are often treated with antibiotics. Simultaneous administration of enteral and parenteral antibiotics during the first days after preterm birth prevents formula-induced NEC lesions in pigs, but it is unknown which administration route is most effective. We hypothesized that only enteral antibiotics suppress gut bacterial colonization and NEC progression in formula-fed preterm pigs. Cesarean-delivered preterm pigs (90 –92% of gestation) were fed increasing amounts of infant formula from birth to day 5 and given saline (CON) or antibiotics (ampicillin, gentamicin, and metronidazole) via the enteral (ENT) or parenteral (PAR) route (n � 16 –17). NEC lesions, intestinal morphology, function, microbiology, and inflammatory mediators were evaluated. NEC lesions were completely prevented in ENT pigs,whereas there were high incidences of mild NEC lesions (59 – 63%) in CON and PAR pigs (P � 0.001). ENT pigs had elevated intestinal weight, villus height/crypt depth ratio, and goblet cell density and reduced gut permeability, mucosal adherence of bacteria, IL-8 levels, colonic lactic acid levels, and density of Gram-positive bacteria, relative to CON pigs (P � 0.05). Values in PAR pigs were interme�diate with few affected parameters (reduced lactic acid levels and density and adherence of Gram-positive bacteria, relative to CON pigs, P � 0.05). There was no evidence of increased antimicrobial resistance following the treatments. We conclude that enteral, but not parenteral, administration of antibiotics reduces gut bacterial coloni�zation, inflammation, and NEC lesions in newborn, formula-fed pre�term pigs. Delayed colonization may support intestinal structure, function, and immunity in the immediate postnatal period of formula�fed preterm neonates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antibiotics; necrotizing enterocolitis; enteral antibiotics; preterm pig
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Shamzir Kamal
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2022 06:17
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2022 06:44
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/39019

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