Study on Vibro-acoustic Characteristics of Bamboo-based Angklung Instrument

Sinin, Hamdan and Md. Rezaur, Rahman and Ana Sakura, Zainal Abidin and Ahmad Fauzi, Musib (2022) Study on Vibro-acoustic Characteristics of Bamboo-based Angklung Instrument. BioResources, 17 (1). pp. 1670-1679. ISSN 1930-2126

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The frequency (or pitch) content of bamboo angklung musical instruments was analyzed. The pitch of the rattle tubes was determined via a Pico oscilloscope recording both the time and frequency spectrum. Fast Fourier transform analysis identified the fundamentals and overtones of the individual tubes, which were compared with the calculated theoretical resonance frequency. The pitch, due to the coupling effects of two rattle tubes, slightly varied from the pitch of the individual rattle tubes. Although both rattle tubes (played simultaneously) displayed the fundamental frequencies in both tubes, the individual tubes played separately did not produce the exact frequency obtained from both tubes played simultaneously. The spectrum of both tubes produced sound output from the individual tube, which is shown by two prominent peaks, corresponding to the pitch of the individual tube. Although the long and short tube show an individual fundamental frequency of 528 Hz and 1095 Hz, respectively, for C5 tube (when played separately), the coupling of both tubes produced the first and second peaks (when played simultaneously) at 546 Hz and 1093 Hz. Due to the disparity of the fundamental frequency, the inner diameter and length of the tube was utilized for the theoretical resonance frequency calculation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bamboo angklung; Pitch; Rattle tubes; Resonance frequency; Fat Fourier transform (FFT).
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2022 07:07
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2022 07:07

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