Pharmaceuticals, hormones, plasticizers, and pesticides in drinking water

Sze Yee, Wee and Nur Afifah Hanun, Ismail and Didi Erwandi Mohamad, Haron and Fatimah Md., Yusoff and Sarva Mangala, Praveena (2022) Pharmaceuticals, hormones, plasticizers, and pesticides in drinking water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 424 (Part A). ISSN 0304-3894

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Humans are exposed to endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in tap water via drinking water. Currently, most of the analytical methods used to assess a long list of EDCs in drinking water have been made available only for a single group of EDCs and their metabolites, in contrast with other environmental matrices (e.g., surface water, sediments, and biota) for which more robust methods have been developed that allow detection of multiple groups. This study reveals an analytical method of one-step solid phase extraction, incorporated together with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the quantification of multiclass EDCs (i.e., pharmaceuticals, hormones, plasticizers, and pesticides) in drinking water. Fifteen multiclass EDCs significantly varied in amount between field samples (p < 0.05), with a maximum concentration of 17.63 ng/L observed. Daily exposure via drinking water is unlikely to pose a health risk (risk quotient < 1). This method serves as an analytical protocol for tracing multiclass EDC contamination in tap water as part of a multibarrier approach to ensure safe drinking water for good health and well-being. It represents a simpler one-step alternative tool for drinking water analysis, thereby avoiding the time-consuming and expensive multiextraction steps that are generally needed for analyzing multiclass EDCs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Endocrine disrupting compound (EDC); Health risk assessment; SPE-LCMS/MS; Tap water; Water security.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 03:16
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2022 01:24

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