Dynamic impact of financial inclusion and industrialization on environmental sustainability

Awais ur, Rehman and Arsalan Haneef, Malik and Abu Hassan, Md Isa and Mohamad, Jais (2022) Dynamic impact of financial inclusion and industrialization on environmental sustainability. Social Responsibility Journal. pp. 1-24. ISSN 1747-1117

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Official URL: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.110...


Purpose – The study aims to investigate the impact of financial inclusion (FI) on environmental quality and the mediating role of industrialization (IZ). In addition, these relationships among the counties with different levels of income and carbon emissions were also analyzed. Design/methodology/approach – This paper used the International Monetary Fund database for indicators of FI. The environmental indicators were obtained from the World Bank database for a panel of worldwide countries from 2004 to 2019. Separate indices of environmental sustainability (ES) and environmental degradation (ED) were created by using principal component analysis . The generalized method of moments regression was applied to examine the relationship between variables. Findings – The study found full mediation of IZ between FI and ES, whereas partial mediation between FI and environmental degradation. The results were found robust against alternative measures of carbon emissions. Furthermore, the study also bifurcated the sample according to the level of income and carbon emission. It was found that FI plays a positive role in the betterment of environmental quality for high-income countries, while a negative role in upper-middle-income, lower-middle-income and low-income countries. Besides, FI has a negative role in the ES of the countries having higher or lower carbon emission levels. Originality/value – Empirically this study contributes by creating two different novel measures of ES and environmental degradation, in contrast to other studies that solely relied on carbon emission. Contrary to previous studies, this study suggests that FI is not solely responsible for environmental damages, and IZ is the key channel by which FI shifts its impact on ES. Moreover, for environmental degradation, there are some other channels involved that need to be investigated further. This study has also noted that the relationship between FI and ES is context-dependent. Theoretically, this paper contributes to the literature by using ecological modernization theory in the nexus of FI, IZ and environmental quality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological modernization theory, Environmental sustainability, Financial inclusion, Industrialization.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Economics and Business
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2022 02:07
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2023 02:22
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/38850

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