Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy in a 4 generations family of South-East Asian Descendent with FZD4 mutation (c.1501_1502del)

Wai, Yong Zheng and Chong, Yong Yuin and Lim, Lik Thai and Norhafzah, Hamzah and Jamalia, Binti Rahmat (2022) Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy in a 4 generations family of South-East Asian Descendent with FZD4 mutation (c.1501_1502del). International Journal of Retina and Vitreous, 8 (30). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2056-9920

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Background: Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a hereditary disorder characterized by peripheral avascular retina with neovascularization. Although FEVR has been thoroughly described in multiple literature publications from diferent countries, there are currently limited articles describing the phenotypes of FEVR among South-East Asian Descendent. This paper describes the clinical phenotype of the FZD4 gene with c.1501_1502 deletion in a 4-generation case series of a South East Asian family. Methods: We reviewed a 4-generation case series of a South-East Asian descendent family consisting of 27 family members with 10 members diagnosed with FEVR. We observed the clinical phenotype of these series of patients, including some of the family members who underwent whole-exome sequencing, PCR amplifcation and DNA sequencing techniques to identify the mutated gene. Results: Frameshift mutation (c.1501_1502del) were found in FZD4 gene in this series of patients with the age ranging from 1month old to 69 years old. There was a 100% (4/4) of our paediatric patients being diagnosed within 21days of life. It was also found that 75% of patients (6/8) less than 40 years old exhibited disease asymmetry of 2 stages or more and 80% (8/10) had a history of vitreoretinal surgery or diode laser photocoagulation, with a further 50% of the adult patients identifed as legally blind; the mean age of blindness was 18-years-old. Conclusions: Phenotypic manifestation of FZD4 gene with c.1501_1502del mutation can be identifed within the neonatal period. They have relatively greater clinical asymmetry of 2 stages or more compared to other mutations. Without treatment, most of them will have bilateral severe visual impairment around the adolescent age group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, FEVR, FZD4 genes
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Sanawi
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 09:07
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2022 09:07
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/38668

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