Case Report : Cotard's Syndrome in Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) Receptor (Anti-NMDAR) Encephalitis

Nur Iwana, Abdul Taib and Suzaily, Wahab and Soong Khoo, Ching and Jan Tan, Hui and Lydia, Kamaruzaman and Luke Cherng Woon, Sy and Lydia Yen Gan, Lay (2022) Case Report : Cotard's Syndrome in Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) Receptor (Anti-NMDAR) Encephalitis. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 13. pp. 1-6. ISSN 1664-0640

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Cotard's syndrome is uncommon psychopathology among patients with psychotic illnesses. Limited cases had been reported regarding the occurrence of this syndrome in anti-NMDAR encephalitis which itself is a relatively new disease that often presents with florid psychotic symptoms. This poses difficulties in differentiating it from a primary psychiatric illness. Late recognition of anti-NMDAR encephalitis can lead to death as it can progress to autonomic instability in its natural course of illness. We report a patient who first presented with psychotic symptoms with initial negative findings from baseline investigations. Further investigation revealed anti NMDAR antibodies in the cerebrospinal fluid. Prompt treatment was initiated and despite early poor response to the first-line treatment with the development of allergic reaction, our patient recovered completely after 1 month of hospitalization. This case report aims to highlight the importance of early detection of anti-NMDAR encephalitis and the possibility of uncommon psychopathology such as Cotard's syndrome occurring in this disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: case report, Cotard’s syndrome, anti-NMDAR, nihilistic delusion, encephalitis, psychosis, neuropsychiatry.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Abdul Taib
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2022 00:27
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2022 00:27

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