Pulmonary tuberculosis and COVID-19 coinfection : Hickam's Dictum revisited

Larry Ellee, NYANTI and Zhun Han, WONG and Benjamin SACHDEV, MANJIT SINGH and Andrew Kean Wei, CHANG and Ahmad Tirmizi, JOBLI and Hock Hin, CHUA (2022) Pulmonary tuberculosis and COVID-19 coinfection : Hickam's Dictum revisited. Respiratory Medicine Case Reports, 37. pp. 1-6. ISSN 2213-0071

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Abstract

COVID-19 and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) coinfection is associated with increased mortality and presents a unique diagnostic challenge to the clinician. We describe three cases of newly diagnosed PTB in COVID-19 patients treated at our centre and their clinical and radiological features. The challenges associated with diagnosis and management are also explored. Patient 1 was a case of smear positive, endobronchial tuberculosis incidentally diagnosed due to CT changes, and eventually made good recovery. Patient 2 was a case of COVID-19 who succumbed but was diagnosed posthumously due to a positive sputum culture for tuberculosis. Patient 3 showed radiographic features of PTB and was treated empirically for TB. In conclusion, COVID-19 and PTB coinfection should be suspected in the presence of constitutional symptoms, prior immunocompromised states, prolonged respiratory symptoms or fever, or unresolved radiological abnormalities, more so in regions where TB is endemic.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: COVID-19
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19, Pulmonary tuberculosis, Coinfection, Endobronchial tuberculosis, Case series.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Jobli
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2022 01:26
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2022 01:26
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/38395

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