Phylogeny of Amorphophallus (Araceae) on Borneo with notes on the floral biology of three species

Wong, Sin Yeng and Nor Fathiah, Abd Rahim and Hetterscheid, Wilbert L.A. (2022) Phylogeny of Amorphophallus (Araceae) on Borneo with notes on the floral biology of three species. Taiwania, 67 (1). pp. 55-66. ISSN 0372-333X

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Abstract

This study was undertaken on Amorphophallus of Borneo to address two questions: (1) to determine the phylogenetic relations among taxa of Bornean Amorphophallus and (2) to investigate the floral biology and floral visitors of three Amorphophallus species. Phylogenetic analyses were carried out by using one plastid region: matK, and two nuclear regions: ITS and PhyC, with a total of 98 accessions representing 56 taxa of Amorphophallus. Floral biology of three Amorphophallus species (A. hewittii, A. eburneus, and A. julaihii) were investigated. Bornean Amorphophallus is separated into three groups within subgen. Amorphophallus: A. angulatus and A. pendulus of the Paeoniifolius-Manta clade, A. ranchanensis as sister taxon to clade A, clade Pusillus II, and clade B. The anthesis of A. hewittii and A. eburneus lasted for ca. 49 hours and ca. 64 hours respectively. The pistillate anthesis was much longer in A. hewitti (36 hours) than A. eburneus (24 hours) but the staminate anthesis was much shorter in A. hewittii (13 hours) than A. eburneus (40 hours). Floral visitors to A. hewittii are different to those visiting A. eburneus and A. julaihii; the latter two species attract less visitors and belong to clade A where hitherto no species has been investigated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amorphophallus eburneus, Amorphophallus hewittii, Amorphophallus julaihii, Sarawak.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 04:12
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2022 04:12
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/38066

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