To explore the pharmacological mechanism of action using digital twin

Hidayat, Ur Rahman and Muhammad Hamdi, Mahmood and Mohammed Safwan, Ali Khan and Najm, Us Sama and Mohd Razip, Asaruddin and Muhammad, Afzal (2022) To explore the pharmacological mechanism of action using digital twin. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 9 (2). pp. 55-62. ISSN 2313-626X

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With the advent of medical technology and science, the number of animals used in research has increased. For decades, the use of animals in research and product testing has been a point of conflict. Experts and pharmaceutical manufacturers are harming animals worldwide during laboratory research. Animals have also played a significant role in the advancement of science; animal testing has enabled the discovery of various novel drugs. The misery, suffering, and deaths of animals are not worth the potential human benefits. As a result, animals must not be exploited in research to assess the drug mechanism of action (MOA). Apart from the ethical concern, animal testing has a few more downsides, including the requirement for skilled labor, lengthy processes, and cost. Because it is critical to investigate adverse effects and toxicities in the development of potentially viable drugs. Assessment of each target will consume the range of resources as well as disturb living nature. As the digital twin works in an autonomous virtual world without influencing the physical structure and biological system. Our proposed framework suggests that the digital twin is a great reliable model of the physical system that will be beneficial in assessing the possible MOA prior to time without harming animals. The study describes the creation of a digital twin to combine the information and knowledge obtained by studying the different drug targets and diseases. Mechanism of Action using Digital twin (MOA-DT) will enable the experts to use an innovative approach without physical testing to save animals, time, and resources. DT reflects and simulates the actual drug and its relationships with its target, however presenting a more accurate depiction of the drug, which leads to maximize efficacy and decrease the toxicity of a drug. In conclusion, it has been shown that drug discovery and development can be safe, effective, and economical in no time through the combination of the digital and physical models of a pharmaceutical as compared to experimental animals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanism of action, Digital twin, Pharmacological target, Drug discovery.
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2022 07:31
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 07:31

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