Pharmacological perturbation of CXCL1 signaling alleviates neuropathogenesis in a model of HEVA71 infection

Saravanan, Gunaseelan and Mohammed Zacky, Ariffin and Sanjay, Khanna and Mong, How Ooi and Perera, David and Chu, Justin Jang Hann and Chua, John Jia En (2022) Pharmacological perturbation of CXCL1 signaling alleviates neuropathogenesis in a model of HEVA71 infection. Nature Communications, 13 (890). pp. 1-21. ISSN 2041-1723

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Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by Human Enterovirus A71 (HEVA71) infection is typically a benign infection. However, in minority of cases, children can develop severe neuropathology that culminate in fatality. Approximately 36.9% of HEVA71-related hospitalizations develop neurological complications, of which 10.5% are fatal. Yet, the mechanism by which HEVA71 induces these neurological deficits remain unclear. Here, we show that HEVA71-infected astrocytes release CXCL1 which supports viral replication in neurons by activating the CXCR2 receptor-associated ERK1/2 signaling pathway. Elevated CXCL1 levels correlates with disease severity in a HEVA71-infected mice model. In humans infected with HEVA71, high CXCL1 levels are only present in patients presenting neurological complications. CXCL1 release is specifically triggered by VP4 synthesis in HEVA71-infected astrocytes, which then acts via its receptor CXCR2 to enhance viral replication in neurons. Perturbing CXCL1 signaling or VP4 myristylation strongly attenuates viral replication. Treatment with AZD5069, a CXCL1-specific competitor, improves survival and lessens disease severity in infected animals. Collectively, these results highlight the CXCL1-CXCR2 signaling pathway as a potential target against HFMD neuropathogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD), Human Enterovirus A71 (HEVA71), neuropathology, HFMD neuropathogenesis.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Institute of Health and Community Medicine
Depositing User: Gani
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2022 03:21
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 03:21

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