Types and risk factors of ambulance accidents: A scoping review

Keng Sheng, Chew and Mook Yuang, Low (2022) Types and risk factors of ambulance accidents: A scoping review. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 77 (1). pp. 60-70. ISSN 0300-5283

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Abstract Background: A scoping review was conducted to map out the common research focusses on ambulance accidents, their key findings and some of the major knowledge gaps in this area. Materials and methods: Relevant, peer-reviewed, Englishlanguage articles on land ambulance accidents were independently searched by the authors using the MEDLINE and CINAHL databases. Anecdotal reports, testimonies and stories in trade or popular magazines and other grey literature were excluded. Articles that do not directly address ambulance accidents were also excluded. Additional articles were identified from the reference lists of the selected articles and from Google search engine. Results: From an initial yield of 879 articles, 19 articles were included. Most of these articles were published from 2001 - 2005 (5 articles, 26.3%) and 2006 - 2010 (5 articles, 26.3%). Eighteen articles (78.3%) are original articles (18 articles, 78.3%) and another one article is a review article. Most of these articles focused on (1) the types of collisions and (2) the risk factors of ambulance accidents. Nine risk factors were identified to have contributed to ambulance accidents: (1) driving in urban areas (2) driving on dry road (3) the use of lights & sirens (4) the failure to use restraints (5) driving for emergency use (6) back seating (7) at road intersection (8) driver's previous records of accidents and (9) interfacility transfer. The two most common risk factors studied were (1) the use of lights & sirens and (2) driving at intersection. Conclusions: Most of the above risk factors can be mapped into three categories of risk factors: task-related factors, vehicle-related factors and environment-related factors. The category of risk factors least studied is the category of driver-related factors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: scoping review, ambulance, emergency vehicle, collision, accident
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Sheng
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2022 01:23
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 01:23
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/37905

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