Estimation of Human Capital Loss Due to Premature Mortality Among the Patients with Colorectal Cancer in Malaysia

Aisyah, Anuar (2020) Estimation of Human Capital Loss Due to Premature Mortality Among the Patients with Colorectal Cancer in Malaysia. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, (UNIMAS).

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Abstract

Mortality estimates are essential parameters for monitoring health and routinely used evidence for health policy and planning. Whereby, Colorectal Cancer is ranked first among males and second among females in Malaysia. The objective of this study to' estimate the human capital loss due to premature mortality secondary to colorectal cancer in Malaysia. Methodology: This research carried out using a retrospective cohort study design by analysing the data from the Malaysian National Cancer Registry each year for ten years period from 2007 to 2016. The human capital approach applied for estimating human capital loss due to premature mortality secondary to colorectal cancer in Malaysia. SPSS was used for data analysis, whereas Microsoft Excel used for economic estimation. Result: The total study population (colorectal cancer incidence) for ten years period from 2007-2016 was 29,035. A total of 12,130 (41.8%) patients with colorectal cancer diagnosed at a young age. Total mortality among the sample was 15,625 cases (53.8%), whereas 5,220 (33.4% of total mortality) died prematurely. There are a total of 52,549 years of productive life lost due to premature mortality secondary to colorectal cancer. Among all ethnic groups, the Malays contribute highest to the premature mortality cases with a total of 2,606, xii and the YPLL was 27,801. Human capital loss due to premature mortality secondary to colorectal cancer was estimated as RM1.7 billion collectively for ten years study period before the discount. After discounting at 5%, is estimated to be RM53.9 billion with a GDP loss of 0.25% to 0.73% (mean GDP loss 0.56%). Conclusion: The value of human capital loss due to premature mortality secondary to colorectal cancer shows that the burden of disease is crucial in Malaysia, and its economic impact is significant. As the productive period in the human capital plays a significant role and plays a key role in our economic development, primary and secondary prevention for colorectal cancer must be promoted at all levels, from screening to improving healthier behaviours.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (MSc.) - Universiti Malaysia Sarawak , 2020.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human Capital, Colorectal Cancer, Productivity Loss
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Unai
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2022 08:17
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 08:17
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/37732

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