Artificial neural network and regressed beam-column connection explicit mathematical moment-rotation expressions

Kueh, Ahmad Beng Hong (2021) Artificial neural network and regressed beam-column connection explicit mathematical moment-rotation expressions. Journal of Building Engineering, 43 (103195).

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Steel flush endplate beam-column connections behavior is commonly described by the moment-rotation, M-φ, relationship, which is characterized by two essential terms; resistant moment, Mj, Rd, and initial rotational stiffness, Sj, init. A great amount of concerted effort has been invested worldwide to either experimentally or analytically describe these properties due to geometrical and material variations. However, these methods are either costly, laborious, or time-consuming. Therefore, acknowledging the wealth of literature information, this paper formulates a set of practically convenient mathematical M-φ expressions by means of artificial neural network (ANN) and multi-linear regression (MLR) approaches utilizing the MATLAB software. Differing from most existing machine learning variants, the paper offers explicit expressions for maximum moment, Mmax, and Sj, init, which can be characterized through a simplistic insertion of input parameters in terms of beam depth, beam width, thickness of beam flange, thickness of beam web, column depth, column width, endplate depth, endplate thickness, and bolt capacity. The computed Mmax and Sj, init can then be adopted to express the currently defined continuous M-φ relationship. By statistical evaluation, it is witnessed that the mean-absolute-percentage error (MAPE) and correlation coefficient (R2) of both ANN and MLR methods are of remarkable prediction vitality. Also, ANN outperforms slightly MLR model in the prediction of both Mmax and Sj, init although both approaches agree closely with the source data. Therefore, both approaches are of high reliability in predicting Mmax and Sj, init as well as in characterizing the M-φ relationship of the flush endplate beam-column connections for further engineering analysis and design purposes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Faculties, Institutes, Centres > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Tuah
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2021 06:50
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2021 06:50

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