Eleusine Indica for Food and Medicine

Zikry Hamizan, Md Zakri and Monica, Suleiman and Shean, Yeaw Ng and Zainab, Ngaini and Salahaudin, Maili and Fatimah, Salim (2021) Eleusine Indica for Food and Medicine. JOURNAL OF AGROBIOTECHNOLOGY, 12 (2). pp. 68-87. ISSN 2180-1983

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Abstract

Eleusine indica, a perennial herb that belongs to the Poaceae family, is locally known as “rumput sambau”. The species can be found in the tropical regions and it is the only species of Eleusine in Malaysia. In India, some parts of the plant such as the roots and the seeds are used as food and can be eaten raw or cooked. The young seedling is also used as a side dish with rice, while the seeds are sometimes used as a famine food. Although this grass is not considered as food in Malaysia, the local people utilise it to treat various ailments such as hastening the placenta delivery after childbirth, pain relieve for vaginal bleeding, asthma, fever, urinary infection, haemorrhoids, and tonic for flu related symptoms. Due to wide spectrum of traditional usage, a complete review of E. indica which focusing on food and medicinal perspectives is necessary to organize and evaluate its potential for further studies and commercial exploitation. The information on the species was collected from scientific journals, books, and reports searched through available databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Directory of Open Access Journals, Science Direct, Bioline International, and Reaxys. Contextually, the present review reveals that apart from the roots, the plant is relatively safe to ingest. It represents a rich source of nutrients and contains therapeutic phytochemicals such as flavonoids, steroids, essential oils, cardiac glycosides, coumarins, fatty acids, anthraquinones, anthrones, triterpenes, tannins, and alkaloids. Thus, E. indica can be considered as a natural reservoir for both food and medicine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Goosegrass, Nutritious food, Bioactive compounds, Ethnomedicinal uses, Pharmacological effects, UNIMAS, University, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, IPTA, education, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
Depositing User: Ngaini
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2021 04:12
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2021 04:12
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/36407

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