EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF DIRECTED ACTIVITY RELATED TO TEXTS (DARTs) AND GENDER ON STUDENTS' ACHIEVEMENT IN QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS IN CHEMISTRY

Mohamad Mahathir, Shamsulbahri (2021) EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF DIRECTED ACTIVITY RELATED TO TEXTS (DARTs) AND GENDER ON STUDENTS' ACHIEVEMENT IN QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS IN CHEMISTRY. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.

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Abstract

The present study examined the effect of Directed Activity Related to Texts (DARTs) and gender on students’ achievement in chemistry. The present study focused on the qualitative analysis component of chemistry which has been perceived as being most difficult among students. The study involved 120 form four science stream students from two local fully residential schools. In a quasi-experiment, participants studied the qualitative analysis of the topic on salt using one of these three instructional methods: experimental, DARTs, and the combination of experimental and DARTs; and later their knowledge about salt was tested. Results of a two-way independent ANOVA performed on the post-test scores revealed a significant main effect of instructional method – the mean scores for the Combined method group was the highest, followed by the DARTs group and Experimental group. Further analysis using an independent t-test showed that the difference in mean scores between the DARTs and Experimental groups was significant. It is argued that participants’ learning in the combined method group might have been enhanced by the DARTs instructional method. However, the effect of gender and the interaction effect between the variables were not significant. The present findings provide experimental evidence regarding the role of the DARTs instructional method in enhancing qualitative analysis learning in chemistry. The present findings also provide insight to educators in designing curriculum for chemistry, in particular, to consider DARTs as an alternative instructional method for learning qualitative analysis topics.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (MSc.) - Universiti Malaysia Sarawak , 2021.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Directed activity related to texts, qualitative analysis, chemistry, students’ achievement, gender.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Faculties, Institutes and Centres > Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development
Depositing User: MOHAMAD MAHATHIR BIN SHAMSULBAHRI
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 12:39
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2021 12:39
URI: http://ir.unimas.my/id/eprint/36262

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